COMPREHENSION:  TAUGHT, NOT CAUGHT!

There was a time that we thought that comprehension was caught, not taught.  If we taught students how to read the words, overall comprehension would follow naturally. Unfortunately, that doesn’t always happen. Too many of our struggling readers in intermediate and senior grades can say the words on the page but they don’t understand what they’ve read. In fact, a 2004 study of 6000 struggling readers found that only about 8% struggled with decoding. The great majority could read the words with accuracy (and even fluency) but didn’t understand what they read.

HOW DO YOU TEACH COMPREHENSION, ANYWAY?

The problem is, we haven’t always known!  For too long, reading instruction consisted of
giving students something to read and asking them questions about it.  There wasn’t much “teaching” going on at all.

I DO – WE DO – YOU DO…

Now we know that teaching comprehension is like teaching most other things – with modelling and demonstration, guided practice and independent application. Read more about the THINK ALOUD, THINK ALONG, THINK ALONE Protocol.

COMPREHENSION SUPERPOWERS

When comprehension breaks down, readers need a repertoire of tools to repair it. At HIP, we focus on five key comprehension strategies:  connecting to prior knowledge, asking oneself questions, drawing inferences, synthesizing connected text  and monitoring one’s own comprehension. Read more about the FANTASTIC FIVE COMPREHENSION SUPERPOWERS.

TEACHING RESOURCES FOR COMPREHENSION

Teacher and Boy
The Best Way to Teach Comprehension
Brain full of information
BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE: The Glue that Makes Learning Stick
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HAND, HEART & HEAD QUESTIONS
Stacking Dolls
How SYNTHESIS is like Stacking Dolls
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CHARACTERIZATION: The Foundation of Fiction
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SYNTHESIZING: Remote Control Reading
Flag Strategies
FLAG YOUR STRATEGIES
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CRITICAL READING: From WHAT the text says to WHY and HOW it is said
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HOW VISUALS SUPPORT COMPREHENSION
Five Fingers
THE FLUENCY FIVE
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STICKY NOTE SUMMARIZING
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AUTHOR'S PURPOSE
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STICKY NOTE TOOLKIT
Survival & Our Plane
COMPARE AND CONTRAST
SUMMARY
7 TIPS FOR SUMMARIZING
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AFTER-READING CHOICE MENU
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Asking Better QUESTIONS
Character Change GO
HIP GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS
Contact Us

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